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Who can perform Shraddh?

Updated: Sep 30, 2023

In Hinduism, it is believed that the souls of deceased ancestors reside in a realm called Pitra Loka, situated between heaven and earth. During the time of Shraddh Paksha or Pitra Paksha, these ancestral souls have the desire for offerings known as pind-daan or tilanjali. If these offerings are not performed, it is believed that the ancestors return to their realm feeling unhappy.


The rituals and offerings conducted during this period for the peace and well-being of these ancestral souls are collectively known as Shraddh. It is believed that whatever is donated or offered in the name of one's ancestors is received by them.

Shraddh with devotion and love

Shraddh is considered essential for the welfare of the family. It is performed with utmost devotion and love to seek the blessings of the ancestors. It is believed that without their blessings, one might face difficulties in life, as our existence is intertwined with the spiritual connection to our forebears.


Traditionally, the responsibility for performing the Shraddh ceremony falls on the son of the deceased. If a son is not alive or not yet born, then the wife can conduct the Shraddh for her husband. In the absence of a wife, a real blood brother can perform the ritual.


If there are multiple sons, the eldest son typically carries out the Shraddh for their father. Additionally, the husband of a daughter or a daughter's son can also take on this responsibility. If the son is not alive, it falls to the grandson or great-grandson to perform the Shraddh.

Pitru devta

In cases where there are no surviving sons, grandsons, or great-grandsons, the widow of the deceased husband is eligible to perform the Shraddh karma.


For a wife's Shraddh, it can only be conducted if there is no son available. In such cases, the son, great-grandson, or daughter's son can also perform the Shraddh. Even an adopted son is considered righteous to carry out the Shraddh ceremony.


If you have further inquiries or require assistance with these rituals, you can contact sanskar@hindusanskar.org for guidance and support. These rituals are an integral part of preserving the cultural and spiritual traditions associated with Hinduism.

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